As we know, pregnancy is the most important period where we are strongly encouraged to maintain the health condition of the fetus. Lifestyle and food patterns become one that we choose so that it has benefits for the body. Nutrition needed by pregnant women consists of carbohydrates, proteins, fats, minerals, water, and vitamins. The content of vitamins can produce vitamins in the body.
While vitamins have a great function in helping you in the metabolic process. Likewise in pregnant women who need vitamins not just in the body’s metabolism, but which are useful in helping the development of the fetus. Therefore, pregnant women need an important type of vitamin that helps the development of pregnancy.
Here are six important vitamins for pregnant women:
1. Vitamin A
Vitamin A is beneficial for pregnant women especially in the first trimester it is related to endurance that can increase with the consumption of vitamin A. In addition, Vitamin A can help maintain the health of pregnant women. Consumption of vitamin A content found in green and orange vegetables, milk, chicken liver.
Vitamin A is a vitamin that is fat-soluble and stored in the liver. This vitamin is important for babies in the process of embryonic development, growth of eye cells, heart, ears, providing healthy skin, fighting infections and helping bone growth and fat metabolism.
As for pregnant women, Vitamin A can help repair various tissues after giving birth and maintain normal vision and help fight infection. During pregnancy, a mother needs about 770 micrograms (2,565 IU / international unit) of vitamin A every day. Meanwhile, if she is breastfeeding her needs increase to 1,300 micrograms (4,330 IU) every day.
Getting vitamin A naturally can come from meat, milk, fish, eggs, cereals and most fruits and vegetables in the form of beta-carotene. This nutrient will later be converted into vitamin A. However, if the intake of vitamin A is very excessive or in high doses can be dangerous for the fetus, which causes birth defects and liver toxicity (liver poisoning). So avoid drugs that contain high doses of vitamin A. And can be replaced with foods that contain beta-carotene or vitamins such as dairy products, meat, eggs, vegetables, and fruits that are safer.
2. Vitamin B
Vitamin B has several types, each of which has benefits for the body, including for pregnant women. The following types of B vitamins and their uses for pregnant women:
First, vitamin B1, also known as thiamine, is useful for minimizing morning sickness for pregnant women besides launching digestion. Vitamin B1 will also help in preparing milk production. Vitamin B1 can be obtained from the liver, nuts, oats.
Secondly, vitamin B2, also known as riboflavin, functions in the development of the fetus in the first week and helps in breaking down food into nutrients needed by the fetus during the womb. Foods that have a source of vitamin B2 are cheese, milk, broccoli, mushrooms, eggs, and green vegetables.
Third, vitamin B3 functions to help reduce nausea and vomiting in the first pregnancy and form fetal brain cells. You can supplement it with wheat, liver, green vegetables, peanuts, and milk consumption.
Fourth, vitamin B5 functions in maintaining red blood cells during pregnancy. The needs of pregnant women of 5 mg. You can increase the consumption of chicken, avocados, watermelons, and sardines.
Fifth, vitamin B6 is known as pyridoxine for boosting immunity. These foods are wheat, fish, milk, soybeans.
Sixth, vitamin B12 is instrumental in forming the central nervous system of the fetus and red blood cells. These foods are eggs, milk, seaweed, beef.
3. Vitamin C
Vitamin C is needed for the absorption of iron in the intestine. Iron consumption will be optimal at the same time as vitamin C obtained from fruits.
4. Vitamin D
Vitamin D is used to reduce the risk of hypertension and diabetes. In addition, it can improve the immune system and quality of breathing in babies. An example is a sunlight which can provide vitamin D to the body.
Not only that, the main function of vitamin D is to help harden bones by regulating that calcium and phosphorus are available in the blood to be deposited in the bone hardening process. Taking adequate amounts of vitamin D can also reduce the risk of high blood pressure and diabetes-related to pregnancy.
5. Vitamin E
The benefits of vitamin E are to protect the fatty acids needed by the fetus in addition to maintaining the quality of the mother’s skin cells due to stretching the fetus. Foods with a source of vitamin E are wheat.
6. Vitamin K
Vitamin K has the same role as vitamin E, which protects the fatty acids that the fetus needs. It also has the role of forming blood for pregnant women. Vitamin K foods is a green leafy vegetable.
Newborns really need a lot of vitamin intake for the body. Even mothers are also very good at consuming lots of vitamin K so that the quality of their milk for babies. And if vitamin K deficiency will result in hemorrhagic disease or bleeding disease.
There are two of these diseases in babies, namely after birth and after the baby is one month to six months old. Bleeding usually occurs in the brain. Symptoms will occur when breastfeeding. That is when the baby vomits blood, urinates blood or defecates blood. So it can be concluded that the baby is deficient in these vitamins.
For this reason, a mother must consume a lot of nutritious food during pregnancy and breastfeeding to prevent illness for the baby. The milk that is eaten must be of high quality and nutritious by meeting the needs of vitamins for the baby to be always healthy and happy.
Another article: https://paguponku.com/the-best-nutritions-for-pregnant-women/