Nutritious food for pregnant women is one of the determining factors for a healthy pregnancy. A pregnant woman must pay attention to the nutritional value (nutrition) of the food that she wants to consume. That is, if the consumption needs during pregnancy are sufficient. He and the baby in the womb will avoid the risk of lack of good nutrition for pregnant women.
According to Dr. Suririnah, what is meant by food for mother and fetus is not to add twice as much food, but to add nutrients and vitamins contained in these foods and certainly must be obtained.
There are several nutrients that need to be improved during pregnancy, as revealed in an article entitled “Important Nutrition for Pregnant Women” as follows:
During the second and third trimesters of pregnancy you need 300 calories per day. Although this increase is not used in the first trimester, it does not mean that the balance of nutrition is not important. This additional calorie is needed thus the pregnant woman’s weight increases (a total of 12 kg to 16 kg during pregnancy). This is very necessary to balance the baby’s weight enough during childbirth.
Protein is very necessary to build, repair, and replace body tissues. Pregnant women need additional nutrients for optimal fetal growth. Protein can be obtained easily by consuming tofu, tempeh, meat, chicken, fish, milk, and eggs.
Calcium needs during pregnancy increase due to the formation of the baby’s bones and teeth. Therefore, a mother should meet calcium recommendations per day that for the needs of pregnant women.
Iron requirements increase during pregnancy, especially in the 3rd trimester, due to maternal tissue expansion and formation of red blood, as well as iron stores in the fetus. Then, giving enough iron can reduce the risk of anemia during pregnancy. Therefore, we can get iron from consuming spinach, red meat, liver, fish, poultry, eggs, soybeans, and so on.
5. Folic Acid (Vitamin B)
Folic acid is consumed since conception and can prevent birth defects in the brain and spine. Research shows that the risk of spinal disorders (spina bifida) and abnormalities of the brain cavity (anencephaly) decreases by 50%. Hence, we can get folic acid by consuming orange juice, spinach, oatmeal, broccoli, strawberries, and bread.
Liquid is needed to increase the volume of the area and amniotic fluid. You should drink from 6 to 8 glasses/day. Reducing fluid intake will not reduce the swelling that you experience. However, it can cause damage to the kidneys. The best liquid consumption is water, besides that you can also consume soup, juice, and tea.
Salt can help regulate water in the blood. 8000mg of body needs per day. Thus, how many mothers are exposed to high blood pressure or preclampsia do not even need additional salt.